Caring for houseplants

Beginners Guide: Caring For Houseplants

There are different ways to decorate your home. Having Houseplants is one of the best ways to do that as it brightens up the indoor spaces along with having mood-boosting qualities.
If you’re going for houseplants for the first time, the following guide will help you with the necessary information :
Plant Selection

If you are going for houseplants for the first time, go for healthy growing plants. Don’t go for plants having special needs but are easy to take care off. Some of the houseplants you can consider are:

  • Snake Plant
  • Peace Lily
  • Dieffenbachia
  • Rubber Plant
  • Spider Plant

For more ideas about which plant to choose, please have a look at our article “LISTING THE TOP 10 INDOOR PLANTS THAT YOU CAN GROW”.

Light

Light is a crucial part of taking care of your houseplants. The ideal location for houseplants is near a window that receives direct sunlight. But the amount of light a plant needs depends on the type you are growing. Not all plant needs to be kept in light all the time. Depending upon the need of light, you can place your plants in the following locations:

  • Direct Sunlight: You can keep your plants facing southwest or south.
  • Indirect Sunlight: You can keep your plants near the east windows.
  • Little Light: You can keep your plants near the windows facing north or dark rooms.

Temperature

We should maintain a warm temperature for the plants as houseplants usually are tropical plants. For planting a garden in your home, you need to have the following temperature range:

  • During day temperature should be between 65- 75 digress.
  • During the night, temperatures should not be more than 10 degrees.
  • If the temperature falls below 55degrees, then it harms tropical plants.

The plants should never be exposed to immediate high or low temperatures. They should not be kept near the fireplaces as the heat might affect them during summer neither should be placed near the drafts or windows during the cold season.

Humidity

It is important to maintain the humidity requirements of Houseplants. Especially during winter, it is essential to maintain their humidity. You can increase the humidity around your plants by:

  • Water the plants more frequently
  • Put the plants on a pebble tray.
  • Install a humidifier in the house.
  • Misting of plants

With a good humidifier, you can set the range of humidity you need for your plants.

Pots and Soil

Choosing a good pot for your plant is necessary. The containers must have a hole to drain out the excess water. Garden pots come in different sizes and shapes.
Depending upon the type of plant you are keeping, you should decide on the pot as well as the soil. The soil should consist of appropriate nutrients for the plant to grow and survive.

  • Size: Houseplants require correct size pots to thrive. If the pots are too large, then there will be a large quantity of moist that will rot the roots, but if you have small pots, then the roots will not receive enough nutrients as soil quantity will be less. Usually, the pot that is present during the purchase of the houseplant will be good for one year. But after that, you need to re-pot again in a new larger size pot that the earlier.
  • Drainage: The pots must have proper draining as excess water will rot down the roots of the plant. Hence get pots with holes at the bottoms and also add a layer of gravel before putting soil. To prevent water from spilling you can keep the pot in a decorative tray.
  • Soil: Houseplants require soils that have proper drainage with rich in nutrients. Buy soil that is already prepackaged as it will have the necessary nutrients required by the plant. For certain plants like Orchids, Cacti, Africa Violets you will need specialized soil.

Watering

You should make your watering decisions according to the types of indoor plants. Certain plants prefer less water, whereas some tend to have wet foliage. Again some require their water to change frequently.

  • You can water your plant once every week. Dip your finger into the soil around half an inch. If you feel the soil feels is dry, then water the plants. If you think it’s moist, then don’t.
  • Make sure that there is proper drainage of water for your pant.
  • Water should not get into the foliage.
  • If it’s a decorative plant, try to remove the extra water in the winter season to prevent dying.
  • Minimize your watering to 10 days or 2 weeks in winter. In Winter water is cold, so go for room temperature.
  • If you see your plant is getting drooped then water the plant.
  • Overwatering is a common mistake that people do and can affect your plants. Hence water the plants whenever required.

Fertilizing

Houseplants require extra nutrients during the growing period (spring to the beginning of fall, for most plants). You can add fertilizers for the extra nutrients. Some of the types of fertilizers:

  • You can mix instant powders in water.
  • You can add Premixed Liquids when watering your plants.
  • After every few months, you can slowly add pellets.

Initially, use a general-purpose fertilizer. On gaining experience about Houseplants care, you can use specialized fertilizers depending on the type of plant. Always adhere to the guidelines printed on the package. Never add excess fertilizer to the soil as excess might harm your plant.

House Keeping

You must take care of the plants.

  • Remove specks of dust, pollen from the leaves.
  • Remove the dead, yellow or brown leaves.
  • To help plants brach out detach the stems that appear to be back leggy.
  • Regularly check for insects and infections.
  • You can spray your plants with a little soapy water and then cleaning them carefully if you notice anything crawling on the plants.
  • If it does not work, go for houseplant spray that will help to eliminate the infection. But make sure you have consulted with the house plant centre as a different plant might require different medicines.

Houseplants have bare minimum requirements to survive. If you are not sure what houseplant will best work for you, you can get the right information from the experts.

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